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How Citrulline Malate, One of Beta Red's Key Amino Acids, Improves Performance and Recovery

We began development of Beta Red Pre-Workout Formula with deep, exhaustive research to determine which ingredients would have the most potent effects on improving performance. Over 18 months were spent testing countless ingredients, and almost as many prototype formulas, to develop the best pre-workout product possible for endurance athletes.

Beta Red Pre Workout Formula for cycling, triathlon, running, mountain biking, and skiing

In our new blog series, we share some of this research and explain how Beta Red improves aerobic and anaerobic energy production.

Let’s start with the basics. Citrulline Malate is an amino acid compound made up of (surprise!) citrulline and malate. Citrulline is an amino acid first isolated in watermelon, whereas malates are salts and esters of malic acid and are found in many bitter tasting foods, such as apples and pears.

Research shows that this combination helps reduce fatigue during workouts, and speed of recovery afterward.

In one study of 18 healthy men complaining of fatigue, Citrulline Malate ingestion resulted in a significant reduction in the sensation of fatigue. Researchers also observed a 34% increase in the rate of oxidative ATP production during exercise. This means they were able to have more matches to burn, which comes in handy for those times you need to dig deep to stay in contact over the top of a climb or make the break. They also experienced a 20% increase in the rate of phosphocreatine recovery after exercise, which is an indicator of greater aerobic energy production due to more oxidative ATP synthesis.

The authors concluded:

“The changes in muscle metabolism produced by Citrulline Malate treatment indicate that Citrulline Malate may promote aerobic energy production.”

In another study, of 17 female masters athletes, peak power and explosive power were significantly higher during Wingate cycling tests following Citrulline Malate consumption.
Beta Red Pre-Workout


Finally, in yet another study, 41 men performed 2 consecutive pectoral training sessions (flat barbell bench presses). The number of repetitions showed a significant increase from placebo treatment to Citrulline Malate treatment. Subjects also reported a decrease of 40% in muscle soreness at 24 and 48 hours post training during Citrulline Malate supplementation.

The authors stated:

“We conclude that the use of Citrulline Malate might be useful to increase athletic performance in high-intensity anaerobic exercises with short rest times and to relieve post-exercise muscle soreness. Thus, athletes undergoing intensive preparation involving a high level of training or in competitive events might profit from Citrulline Malate.”

This is just a taste (eh, bad pun) of the research available on Citrulline Malate showing how it benefits endurance athletes and why it was included in Beta Red Pre-Workout Formula

As always, feel free to reach out to us with questions at And, of course, don’t forget to stock up on Beta Red.

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